Only three Presidents have been formally impeached by Congress in The United States through history. Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton and now Donald Trump. No President has ever been removed from office through impeachment. Donald Trump has not yet had the trial in the Senate, but Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson were both acquitted by the Senate at their trials. Richard Nixon left office before the House of Representatives could vote on impeachment.
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was on February 24, 1868. Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of The United States of America, who took office after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, and he was impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors which were detailed in 11 articles of impeachment.
Violation of The Tenure of Office Act-passed by Congress in March 1867, over his veto. Johnson removed The Secretary of War-Edwin M. Stanton (Stanton was protected by the Tenure of Office Act) and attempted to replace him with Brevet Major General Lorenzo Thomas. This all happened while Congress was not in session.
The trial in the senate began three days later, on May 16, the senate failed to convict Johnson on one of the articles with the 35-19 vote in favor of conviction falling short of the necessary two-thirds majority by a single vote. A ten-day recess was called before attempting to convict him on additional articles, however, as on May 26th, it failed to convict the President on two articles both by the same margin after which the trial was adjourned. After the trial, President Johnson agreed to abide by the Tenure Act and complied with the rules that were set out by the senate, and soon after, President Johnson was basically acquitted of the articles set forth to the senate.
The impeachment and trial of Johnson had important political implications for the balance of federal legislative-executive power. It maintained the principle that Congress should not remove the President from office simply because the members disagreed with him over policy style and administration of the office
It also resulted in diminished presidential influence on public policy and overall governing power, fostering a system of governance which Woodrow Wilson referred to in the 1870s as “Congressional Government.”
Impeachment Of Bill Clinton
The Impeachment of Bill Clinton was on October 8, 1998, when The United States House of Representatives voted to start impeachment proceedings against Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of The United States of America for “high crimes and misdemeanors.” The charges against Clinton were lying under oath and obstruction of justice. The charges stemmed from a sexual harassment lawsuit filed against Clinton by Paula Jones and from Clinton’s testimony denying that he had engaged in a sexual relationship with White House intern, Monica Lewinsky. The Starr report, a September 1998, report prepared by Independent Counsel Ken Starr for House Judiciary Committee.
A trial in the senate began in January 1999, on February 12th, Clinton was acquitted on both counts as neither received the necessary two-thirds majority vote of the senators present for conviction and removal from office in this instance 65. On article one, 45 senators voted to convict while 55 voted for acquittal. On article two 50 voted for conviction and 50 voted for acquittal. Clinton remained in office for the remainder of his second term.
Impeachment of Donald Trump
The Impeachment of Donald J Trump occurred on December 18,2019, he is the 45th President of The United States of America, and the third President to be impeached by The House of Representatives,
The two articles of impeachment of charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. This impeachment inquiry was done by a formal House Inquiry that found he had solicited foreign interference in the 2020 U.S. Presidential election to help his re-election bid. Then he obstructed the inquiry itself by telling his administration officials to ignore, subpoenas for documents and testimony. The inquiry reported that Trump withheld military aid and an invitation to The White House to the new Ukranian President. Volodymyr Zelenski in order to influence Ukraine to announce an investigation into Donald Trumps political opponent (Joe Biden) in the up-coming 2020 Presidential election. He also wanted Ukranian President Zelenski to promote a discredited conspiracy theory that Ukraine, not Russia was behind interference in the 2016 Presidential election, which of course, Donald Trump won.
Donald Trumps Impeachment trial however has not been scheduled as yet, primarily because The Speaker of The House, (Nancy Pelosi) has not turned the articles of impeachment over to the senate. Nancy Pelosi states that she wants to know the scheduling of any witnesses and or documents that was not given to the Houses Inquiry, so that she can appoint the appropriate managers that will be needed to prosecute the case. This is where we stand now, hold on tight it is going to be a rocky year.
Impeachment Process Of Richard Nixon
An impeachment process against Richard Nixon began in The United States House of Representatives on October 30,1973, following the “Saturday Night Massacre.”
The Watergate Scandal was a major federal political scandal in The United States involving two administrations of the President Richard Nixon from 1972, to 1974,. The scandal stemmed from June 17,1972, break-in of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate Office Building, in Washington D.C.
The Watergate scandal surface in June 1972,, when five men were arrested for breaking into the DNC national headquarters at the Watergate office apartment building in Washington. It was learned that the burglars had been hired by The Committee to re-elect the President. The President soon after the scandal came to fruition and the truth came out-he was urged to resign by his Republican colleagues and some administrations staff, The Republicans at this point knew that he would be impeached and more that likely be removed from office in the senate. The case against Richard Nixon was overwhelming against his innocence and they felt rather that be impeached, he should resign. President Nixon resigned from office soon after on August 8,1974,.
What Is Impeachment-Why Do We Have It
Impeachment is the process by which The House of Representatives, a legislative body, levels changes against a government official. Impeachment does not in itself remove the official definitively from office. It is similar to an indictment in criminal law, and thus it is the statement of charges against the official that is being impeached.
Because impeachment and conviction of officials involve an overturning of the normal constitutional procedure by which individuals achieve high office (election ratification or appointment) and because it generally requires a super majority, they are usually reserved for those deemed to have committed serious abuses of their office. In The United States, for example impeachment at the federal levels is limited to those who may have committed “Treason, Bribery or high crimes and misdemeanors.”
There has only been three Presidents of The United States of America that have been impeached, they are Andrew Johnson on February 24,1868, Bill Clinton on October 8,1998, and Donald Trump on December 18.2019. Richard Nixon was never impeached, however if he would not of resigned on August 8,1974, he more that likely would’ve been impeached and an overwhelming consensus is that he would’ve been removed from office. It is a wonderful thing that we have here in The United States of America and it is called The Constitution. The three branches of government that take an oath of office to protect and serve The Constitution, this oath to uphold the laws set forth in it.
I have a couple of books through Amazon on each President’s Impeachment, or inquiry into the impeachment of said Presidents, Donald Trump and Richard Nixon. You can tap on link to view these books if interested.
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